Albucasis was among the most respected physicians and surgeons of the medieval period. He is remembered for his breakthroughs in surgery, as well as for his medical encyclopedia, which was used in medical schools in Europe until the seventeenth century. He was also the inventor of many surgical instruments, some of which are still used today. Supports history-social science context standards mandating exploration of intellectual exchanges and contributions of Muslim scholars, and their influence on the science, geography, mathematics, philosophy, and medicine of later civilizations.